In the design of modern friction clutches, the structure of the tractor clutch assembly and the structure of related components should be reasonably selected according to the category of the tractor model, the use requirements, the matching requirements with the engine, the manufacturing conditions, and the standardization, generalization, and serialization requirements. It is described as follows:
The number of driven discs and the choice of dry and wet
(1)Single-plate dry friction clutch
The single-plate dry friction clutch has a simple structure, easy adjustment, compact axial size, complete separation, small rotational inertia of the follower, good heat dissipation, and smooth engagement even when an axially elastic follower disk is used. Therefore, it is widely used in micro, light and medium tractors and trucks at all levels, and is also popularized in large tractors and heavy trucks with engine torque not greater than 1000N.m. When the torque is higher, a double-plate clutch can be used.
(2) Double-plate dry friction clutch
Compared with the single-plate clutch, due to the increased friction surface, the ability to transmit torque is increased, and the engagement is also smoother and softer; in the case of transmitting the same torque, its radial size is smaller and the pedal force is smaller. However, the axial size is increased and the structure is complicated; the poor ventilation and heat dissipation of the intermediate pressure plate can easily cause overheating and accelerate the wear and tear of the friction plate, and even burn and break; the separation stroke is large, and the separation is not easy to be completely separated if it is improperly adjusted; the rotational inertia of the follower is large and easy to use Difficulty shifting gears etc. It is only used when the transmitted torque is large and the radial dimension is limited.
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