Marble is hard material, which is one reason why people choose it as home decoration material. Although marble is strong, beautiful and elegant, it is a more sensitive material. You can usually use the term “externally soft and internally strong” to describe it.

Marble has a hard inner quality, but the polished appearance is extremely fragile and requires special maintenance. When you step on it, you should prevent marks from being left, and the objects placed on it should be handled gently. In response to the above problems, the best polishing pad manufacturers gave us a detailed introduction on the methods of marble maintenance, let’s take a look!


1. Water and wet substances

From the appearance, water does not pose a threat to the beautiful and elegant marble surface. In fact, it is deceived by the surface phenomenon. Water has enough power to destroy the beautiful marble sheet. The water or other damp substance mixed in the glass is enough to leave scale on the surface of the marble, and the scale will slowly penetrate the entire marble surface and leave stains that are difficult to wipe off.

A good way to deal with it is to prevent water droplets from dripping on the marble surface, but in reality it is often impossible to do so, so what you can do is to wipe off the water droplets in time, so as to prevent the progress of water from entering.

2. Acidic and alkaline substances

When cleaning the marble sheet, a neutral detergent should be used. Both acidic and alkaline detergents can easily corrode the surface of the marble.

Of course, it is not only detergent that will corrode the surface of the marble, like some acidic substances such as orange juice, lemon juice, soda, apple juice, tomato juice, wine, etc., will corrode the surface of the marble, and the PH Alkaline bleach will also corrode marble.


3. Scratches

There is no doubt that the internal quality of the refurbished marble is hard, but the smooth surface is very fragile. If the sole is stuck with sand, it is easy to leave scratches, and the bottom of the furniture will also give the marble surface if it is not placed protectively. Leave scratches, and drag objects on the marble floor.

The basic protection method is to shake off the gravel sticking to the sole of the shoe before stepping on the floor, put a protective layer on the furniture, try to avoid dragging objects on the marble floor, and don’t have things with sharp edges.

Of course, there are other substances that pose a threat to marble, but as long as you pay attention to the details mentioned above, it can bring many uses for your marble maintenance.

Because of the long-term use of marble, the brightness and gloss of the crystal surface of the marble surface will disappear, which will affect the overall decoration design of the home. When the brightness and gloss of the crystal surface of the marble disappear, what method can we use to make the marble crystal surface What about rejuvenating? Generally, in this case, we need to polish the marble to regain its brilliance.

Polishing process of marble floor polishing pad

First of all, the process of grinding the ground must be done. In the grinding process, 50#, 150#, 300# marble polishing pads need to be used in order for the grinding operation. After finishing the process of polishing the ground, the surface water is sucked dry by a water suction machine.

During construction, it is necessary to first polish the corners in place, and then do the grinding and corner processes at the same time, and make the ground absorb at the same time, so that the effect of the ground will show a better effect. When the floor is cured, the curing agent must be sprinkled after the floor is dried, and the floor must be kept moist for more than 4 hours. This part of the process is also the best way to prolong the life of the floor and improve the performance.


Ground fine grinding needs to be carried out again after the curing agent is dried, and use 500#, 1000#, 2000#, 3000# marble polishing pads in order to grind with water, and then use a water suction machine to suck out the surface water to keep it dry. Clean water should be used in the process, which is conducive to the next cleaning work.

The floor polished by the above process can restore the luster of the marble floor polishing pad, and the effect is the same as a new floor. The marble polishing pad also plays a very important role in the construction process, whether it is grinding or fine grinding. The construction personnel should choose the marble polishing pad for grinding according to different steps, so the quality of the polishing pad is very important.

In the processing of marble polishing pads, grinding is a method often used in the construction process. The use of grinding wheels of grinders to cut marble polishing pads has achieved the expected results.


(1) For materials with high hardness, it is generally used for processing. The hardness and heat resistance of the abrasive grains of the grinding wheel determine the effect of the marble polishing pad after processing.

(2) Stress and deformation of the workpiece, burns on the surface of the workpiece, etc. are also common problems in the processing process. The severe friction during the machining process causes the temperature of the grinding zone to gradually increase, thus causing the above-mentioned problems. Coolant plays a very important role here, adding a certain amount of coolant in the grinding, so that the grinding temperature can be reduced. In addition, the coolant also has critical functions for chip removal and lubrication.

(3) The elastic retreat of the “machine tool-grinding wheel-workpiece system” is also a problem that easily arises in the machining process. This is caused by the large radial force during grinding, making the actual depth of cut less than the nominal depth of cut. Therefore, before the end of the grinding operation, it is necessary to shut down the grinding without inserting the knife to increase the error rate of the operation.

(4) Some materials are determined by the characteristics of the grinding wheel and the grinder during the construction process. Uniform micro-cutting plays a vital role in the grinding process system, such as ap=0.001~0.005mm; grinding during the construction process Cutting can reach high speed operation, such as: v=30~50m/s; if you want to achieve higher machining accuracy, you can use the grinding method; sometimes it is necessary to use hydraulic transmission, such as; (IT6~IT5 ) And (Ra=0.8~0.2μm), grinding is also one of the most commonly used methods.

Granite is also called granite, and it is composed of quartz and mica. Its hardness value is about 6.5. If it is used for a long time, it will become weathered and wear out. Mica shedding is its most obvious feature.

At this time, there are a small amount of pits on the surface of the stone. If the pits increase, the brightness of the granite surface will be reduced and the original luster will be lost. When you touch it with your hand, you will feel bumpy again, and you need to restore the original stone with renovation. luster.

Due to the hard texture of granite, the use of chemical curing agents and abrasives to refurbish its surface is difficult to achieve the expected results. The use of stone refurbishing agents using physical grinding methods is better than using chemical products for refurbishing and grinding. Stone renovation agent, a full set of granite polishing pads, water suction machine, watering can, photometer, glass scraper, wiper and bucket are the equipment needed for granite renovation.

Spiral polishing pad

Granite working procedure

1. Set up a notice board at the work site. In order to prevent mud from splashing on the wall, use plastic or newspaper to paste the wall. After adding clean water to the stone refurbishing machine, after connecting the power supply, prepare to refurbish the discs and adjust the equipment to be at the same level as the ground. The next step is to prepare.

2. Installed on the refurbished disc needle plate, you should use a thick metal mouth disc. When grinding about 1 square meter, you must keep pushing and pulling to grind the stone cut part until it is smooth. When grinding, add moderate water. Don’t dry it, use a water suction machine to suck up and clean the ground at the same time.

3. Replace the thin metal mouth discs, grind them in order, and cut the genuine ones to eliminate rough marks. Always push and pull to grind, soak up the ground.

4. Press 50#, 200#, 400#, 800# granite polishing pads to refurbish and continue grinding.

5. Finally, use 1500#, 3000# granite polishing pads for polishing, and at the same time clean and dry the stone surface.

Granite stone renovation steps


1. Disease treatment

The surface of granite is eroded over time and is prone to disease. Such as: pigment infection, macula, etc., for this phenomenon, we must use professional agents to scrub.

2. Slit

Use a stone cutter to cut along the original seam, and then use a vacuum cleaner to clean up the stains in the gap.

3. Apply protective agent

The corrosion resistance of granite is not good, so it is best to brush several layers of protective agent on its surface. This protective agent can well prevent the granite from being damaged during use or renovation.

5 inch concrete polishing pads

4. Replenishing glue

Glue patching is the process of patching granite. You can also adjust the corresponding color of the marble glue according to your needs, and use a scraper to repair the glue; if the stone has cracks or potholes, you can also deal with it together.

5. Cut and polish

When we finish applying the marble glue, there will definitely be overflowing glue on the surface. At this time, we have to polish the surface with a grinder to remove the excess glue and polish until the seams can be clearly seen.

6. Coarse grinding

The previous step of polishing is for the joints, and this step of polishing is for the granite surface, polishing the dull surface to a new layer, and it must be smooth.

7. Fine grinding

Fine grinding is to carefully polish the granite stone in a targeted manner, especially the scratches left by the previous steps, will be polished off at this step.

8. Polishing

In order to restore the translucent granite to the past, polishing is a necessary step. When using a polishing machine, one should control the amount of water added, which is more conducive to the restoration of gloss.

9. Crystal hardening treatment

After polishing, the surface layer is very fragile, so we need to reinforce it for mirror finish. Crystal powder or crystallization agent can be used.

10. Clean the dust

After the previous procedures are completed, a large amount of dust will be left, and finally the construction site is cleaned.

Epoxy floor is a kind of floor product with very good decoration and function. Due to some reasons such as use, maintenance, construction, service life, etc., the epoxy floor will be damaged. Then when the epoxy floor is damaged , How do we repair it? First of all, follow the diamond polishing pad manufacturers to see what problems generally occur in epoxy floors. Then come to propose a specific repair plan.

1. Dimples, breakages, scratches, traces of roller rolling, etc. caused by customers’ lack of knowledge of floor use.

2. Peeling between layers caused by poor base foundation, hollowing, cracking caused by the stretching of expansion joints of the building structure, and hygroscopicity caused by improper waterproofing.

3. Damage caused by chemical corrosion, etc., mainly includes yellowing, blackening, and various stubborn stains.
4. Chalking and shedding caused by ultraviolet radiation.

5. Defects formed by the construction personnel or raw materials, such as dimples, pink particles, sweat stains, air dust pollution, flying insects, and reptiles.

In view of the above several epoxy floor problems, diamond polishing pad manufacturers have shared several most effective repair solutions.


1. Spray repair method

Advantages: Spraying method repair has the incomparable advantages of other methods, after repairing, the traces are small, the appearance is good, and the material is saved.

Disadvantages: The construction is difficult, and the requirements for the construction personnel are high, and professional spraying equipment is required.

2. Point complement method

Spot repair is the most commonly used method at this stage. Most construction workers use this method to repair damaged epoxy floors.

Advantages: The construction process is simple, easy to master, and the amount of raw materials is small.

Disadvantages: obvious repair marks, unsightly, and height difference.


3. Overall coverage

Advantages: beautiful and beautiful.

Disadvantages: high cost, only suitable for small spaces and areas with heavy chemical corrosion.
The construction process is similar to the new epoxy resin floor, so I won’t repeat it.

4. FRP construction method, etc.

Scope of application: long cracks such as expansion joints in building structures.

1. Basic treatment: Now cut the V-shaped opening at the crack, and use a vacuum cleaner to remove the floating dust.

2. Primer construction

3. Repair construction

4. Epoxy putty construction

The above are the common repairing solutions for epoxy floor shared by diamond polishing pad manufacturers. When there is a problem with the epoxy floor, you must first check, determine the problem, and then prescribe the right medicine to find a suitable repair method.

Natural stone is widely used as a paving material, and the noble, elegant, and luminous decorative fruits are deeply loved by people. In the stone maintenance system, there are continuously improving waxing, crystal surface treatment and other processes to ensure the brightness of the stone surface. The only difference is that the adjacent joints of the stone are not handled properly. The joints of the stone will be cut due to the lack of flatness of the stone or the stone itself. After the stone is used for a period of time, Irreversible pollution will occur in the joints, which will cause the joints to become black, and on the other hand, stains will penetrate into the pores of the stone to cause stone disease, which will seriously damage the overall beauty of the stone.

Stone seamless treatment The so-called seamless grinding treatment is to fill the gaps between the adjacent slabs that have been laid with a special caulking agent similar in color to the slabs, and then use industrial machinery and technology for grinding and polishing. . After being processed in this way, the stone slab will show the beauty of a large piece of stone that is not divided as a whole.

The construction process of stone seamless treatment generally has the following steps:

1. Clean the original filler between the stone gaps first, and then use the stone slitting machine to re-cut the center gap of the original stone installation neatly, so that the width difference of the gap between the stones is reduced to a low, and then use close to the stone. The colored marble glue fills it in. (Note: If the center seam has been done before, there is no need to re-sew).

2. Use marble glue close to the color of the stone and perfect the color of the marble glue to make it close to the color of the original stone to improve the overall feeling and achieve the ideal visual effect.

Spiral polishing pad

3. Fill the adjusted marble glue. Since the marble glue will shrink to a certain extent after solidification, the marble glue should be slightly higher than the stone level, so that it will not be filled multiple times.

4. Use polishing pads and polishing fillers to make it a horizontal surface with the stone, increase the overall feeling of the stone, and solve the problem of height between the gaps, and prevent the gaps from turning black again. Use a granite refurbishment machine in conjunction with a cutting edge grinding sheet to carefully polish the cutting edge to make it a flat integral with the stone.

5. Grinding and polishing: Use the used granite polishing machine to grind the stone from coarse to fine stone polishing pads of size 50-3000, so that the ground is bright and smooth as new.


6. Crystallization treatment: Use stone crystal powder and crystal agent to polish with crystal surface grinder. Under the weight of grinding, the stone and crystal powder will undergo a comprehensive physical and chemical reaction under the action of high temperature to form a dense and hard crystal protective layer. After crystallization, it can enhance the color and brightness, and can also achieve anti-skid, waterproof, oil-proof and other functions.

After the above process treatment, the gap will have good brightness, close to the color of the stone, and the overall feeling is strong. Moreover, because of the stain resistance, water resistance and oxidation resistance of the marble glue, there will be no black seams.

The ground is frequently used in the building, so it is easy to be damaged. Due to the limitation of technology, many old grounds (such as epoxy, emery, terrazzo, floor tiles, cement floors, etc.) gradually exposed their defects and appeared different The problem of form and degree, so to a certain degree, needs to be refurbished. Diamond polishing pad manufacturers are coming to introduce you to several renovation construction techniques commonly used in industrial floor renovation.

The construction process of epoxy resin floor


1. Treatment of plain land: polishing, repairing, and dust removal according to the condition of the plain land

2. Epoxy primer: use epoxy primer roller coating with strong permeability and adhesion to enhance surface adhesion

3. Epoxy soil approved: According to actual needs, it shall be constructed several times, and the requirements shall be smooth and free of holes, and no batch of knife marks and sanding marks shall prevail

4. Epoxy topcoat: two coats of soluble epoxy topcoat or anti-slip topcoat

5. Construction is completed: You can only get on people after 24 hours, and you can press hard after 72 hours. (25℃ shall prevail, the low temperature opening time needs to be extended appropriately)

Construction technology of concrete sealing and curing agent floor (mirror type)


1. Grassroots treatment: before construction, clean up debris, oil stains, curing agents, etc. on the ground. Cement-based repair mortar was used to repair potholes and cracks on the ground and cured for 3 days.

2. Polishing the ground: the surface quality is poor and rough: install a rough diamond module on a terrazzo machine (7.5KW machine), add water to grind the ground, and then change the fine grinding head separately, and then grind the ground with the fine grinding head. The same process is water milling) until the ground is smooth. After grinding the ground, clean the ground with water and at the same time use a vacuum cleaner to suck up the sewage. For better, smooth new wear-resistant floors, you can directly apply concrete sealant curing agent.

3. Brush the concrete sealing curing agent: After the floor is cleaned, let the surface air dry, you can start to apply the concrete sealing curing agent. Use a roller or sprayer to evenly brush the curing agent on the ground. The average amount of coating is 10㎡/kg. If the base surface is poor and the permeability is strong, it must be painted twice after 1-2 hours; after about 1-2 hours (before the material is dry and shiny), spray some water on the ground to moisten the material, Use a broom or floor mop to scrub the surface to make the material penetrate into the ground, and repeat 2-3 times, then rinse the ground to remove the excess material on the surface.

4. Ultra-fine polishing (mirror fruit): In order to increase the gloss and brightness of the ground to achieve mirror fruit, 1.1KW high-gloss polishing machine can be used, and 500 mesh, 1000 mesh, 2000 mesh, and 3000 mesh diamond polishing pads can be attached to the disc. Water the super-fine polished floor.

Construction technology of wear-resistant floor


1. Removal of laitance: Use a machine equipped with a disc to slowly and evenly destroy the laitance on the surface of the single concrete.

2. Spreading material: Spread the specified amount of 2-3 wear-resistant material on the concrete surface in the initial setting stage. After the wear-resistant material absorbs water, the mechanical operation of installing the disc is carried out, and the wear-resistant material is hardened to a certain stage, and the wear-resistant material is spread twice.

3. Disc operation: After the wear-resistant material absorbs water, perform at least three mechanical operations to install discs. The speed of the machine depends on the hardening of the concrete. The mechanical trowel should be crisscrossed.

4. Surface finishing: The final finishing of the wear-resistant floor material is processed by mechanical trowel or manual trowel. When finishing, it should be crisscrossed. The angle of the iron plate and the speed of the machine should be adjusted according to the hardening of the ground surface. .

Due to various factors, such as natural factors, man-made factors, or the stone itself, it will cause the pollution of the stone to lose its luster. At this time, it is necessary to renovate the stone to restore its original natural texture and gloss. Stone renovation can be divided into deep and shallow renovation according to the degree of contamination, so do you know the difference between deep renovation and shallow renovation?

The difference between stone depth and shallow renovation


1. The difference in construction process

(1) Shallow renovation process: If there is old wax on the ground, wax it first, and then use 800# diamond polishing pad and clean water to polish for ten minutes. Pay attention to adding water during the polishing process to keep the ground moist and suck it away with a water suction machine. Sewage to prevent sewage from polluting the ground a second time. Change 1500#, 3000# polishing pads, diamond polishing pads, and polish them one by one using the above method. After all the renovation procedures are completed, wash with clean water and absorb the water on the surface of the stone. The light renovation of the marble is completed.

(2) Deep renovation process: Before renovation, the holes should be repaired. The dirt in the holes should be cleaned first, and then the stone should be dried. According to the color and reflective characteristics of the original stone, epoxy glue or unsaturated resin glue should be used. , After toning, repair, use weighting machine, refurbished discs and diamond polishing pads of different meshes to polish one by one. The polishing method and precautions are the same as those for light renovation.

2. The difference between renovation costs

The difference between deep renovation and shallow renovation of stone lies in the difference in cost. In fact, the difference in cost is caused by the difference in construction procedures. There are more construction procedures for deep renovation than for shallow ones, and more materials and tools are used, so the cost of renovation is higher than the cost of shallow renovation.


The degree of stone renovation

There are three levels of renovation of stone, in addition to the shallow renovation and deep renovation we know, there is also a medium renovation. Below we will specifically introduce these three levels of renovation.

1. Shallow renovation of stone

The surface of the stone was slightly scratched. During the overall grinding and renovation, the subsequent maintenance of the stone was not in place, which caused the stone surface to completely lose its luster. To restore the surface of the stone as bright as new, a light renovation process can be used for renovation.

2. Moderate renovation of stone

When the surface of the stone loses its luster, can not reflect the object at all, or does not have excessively deep scratches, a moderate renovation process can be used for renovation. Use diamond polishing pads of different meshes to polish one by one. The polishing method and precautions are the same as those for shallow renovation.

3. Deep renovation of stone

After the stone was laid, it was put into use without the overall grinding and renovation, resulting in insufficient ground flatness and gloss. Another situation is that the stone surface is completely lost after the overall grinding and renovation are put into use for a long time Luster, holes, weathering, severe corrosion, colloid shedding, black seams, etc. and deep scratches, these all need to be deeply refurbished to restore the brightness of the new stone.

Spiral polishing pad

Stone renovation steps

1. Clean the original filling between the stone gaps first, and then use a special stone slitting machine to neatly cut and slit the center gaps of the original stone installation to reduce the width difference of the gaps between the stones, and then use a stone close to the color of the stone. Marble glue fills it up. (Note: If the center seam has been done before, there is no need to re-sew).

2. Use marble glue that is close to the color of the stone itself and mix the marble glue to make it close to the original stone color to improve the overall feeling and achieve the ideal visual effect.

3. Fill the adjusted marble glue. Since the marble glue will shrink to a certain extent after it is completely solidified, the marble glue should be slightly higher than the stone level, so that it will not be filled multiple times.

4. Using polishing pads and polishing fillers to make it a horizontal surface with the stone, increase the overall sense of the stone, and solve the problem of height between the gaps, and prevent the gaps from turning black again. Use a granite refurbishing machine with a special cutting edge grinding sheet to carefully polish the cutting edge to make it a flat surface with the stone.

5. Use a special granite polishing machine to grind the stone from coarse to fine polishing pads of No. 50-3000, so that the ground is bright and smooth as new.

6. Use crystal powder and crystal agent to polish with crystal surface grinder. Under the heavy pressure of grinding, the stone and crystal powder will undergo a comprehensive physical and chemical reaction under the action of high temperature to form a dense and hard crystal protective layer. After crystallization, it can enhance the color and brightness, and also has the functions of waterproof and oil proof.

To sum up, the difference between deep renovation and shallow renovation of stone lies in the two points of construction process and renovation cost. It is also because of the different construction processes that the corresponding renovation costs are different. In addition, in addition to deep and shallow renovation, There is also a moderate renovation, which is used when the stone cannot fully reflect the object or the scratches are not too deep. When refurbishing, a diamond polishing pad is required for polishing.

Polishing pads are mainly used to process some materials, and diamond polishing pads are commonly used abrasive pads. Diamond polishing pads are also called diamond polishing pads, which are flexible made of diamond as abrasive and combined with composite materials. The whole process of processing tools is divided into four stages: rough grinding, fine grinding, fine grinding and polishing. The processed stone has a gloss of over 90°. Do you understand the points and related content of the production equipment?

Diamond polishing pad features

1. The resin bond used has good softness of the grinding disc and is convenient for installation and use;

2. Strong grinding force, fast polishing speed and high gloss;

3. Good wear resistance and long service life;

4. There are no scratches and color left on the floor after grinding and polishing (not easy to stain).

Performance of diamond polishing pad production equipment

1. Using PC or manual control, reliable performance and high degree of automation. It can automatically recognize wrong commands and avoid accidents caused by wrong operations.

2. The pre-programmed process can be locked, so that the operator cannot change it without authorization to ensure the quality of the pressed product.

3. It has the functions of timing mold opening, automatic deflation, and automatic pressure compensation.

4. Manual, automatic and electric operation modes are available for selection.

5. The electric heating press adopts digital display (pointer type) to control the temperature, control and display the temperature of the heating plate.

Diamond polishing pad production equipment structure

This equipment belongs to Neiwei automatic production equipment. The automatic production line is composed of the main electrical monitoring center, mechanical part, junction box, and operation panel. The main computer monitoring center is connected to the mechanical part through the junction box and connected to the operation panel; this equipment replaces the previous production of diamond polishing pads by humans. The original manual operation method. The problem of labor shortage required for the production of diamond polishing pads is solved. The products produced have been greatly improved in terms of quality, consistency and quantity. After understanding the above content, do you know the applicable scope of diamond polishing pads?

Application scope of diamond polishing pad

1. Suitable for stone polishing, line chamfering, curved board and special-shaped stone processing;

2. It can also be used for special-shaped processing, repair and renovation of marble, concrete, cement floors, terrazzo, glass-ceramics, artificial stones, floor tiles, glazed tiles, and vitrified tiles;

3. It has a complete and standardized particle size color system and good flexibility. It is handy in the processing of lines, chamfers, curved slabs and special-shaped stones such as granite, marble, and artificial stone. There are many shapes, specifications, and various particle sizes. The number is easy to distinguish, and can be used with various hand grinders and ground refurbishing machines flexibly according to needs and habits.

The transformation of social and economic development mode provides opportunities for the development of diamond polishing pads. In addition, the national policy provides unprecedented opportunities for the development of diamond polishing pads. Industrial floors everywhere are beginning to develop in the direction of dust-free, pollution-free, radiation-free, wear-resistant, corrosion-resistant, easy to clean, and environmentally friendly. It is precisely this that has led to unprecedented development opportunities for diamond polishing pads.

Use polishing pads for polishing, and choose polishing pads of different particle sizes for rough grinding, fine grinding and polishing, which will bring the desired results to the enterprise. As a commonly used grinding tool, diamond polishing pad is also an ideal stone grinding tool. Of course, if a company wants to achieve the final ideal effect, it must be flexibly matched with various hand grinders or refurbished according to its own needs and habits. The use of the machine, and then use and process according to the actual situation.

The most important and critical step in the construction of the marble floor is the polishing and waxing of the floor. When polishing and waxing the marble cement floor, first use a multifunctional brushing machine with a neutral cleaner or waxing agent to clean the floor. Clean, remove the old wax on the ground, make the stone floor free of debris, dust, and stains. Let’s take a look at the marble floor polishing and waxing construction process.

When waxing the stone floor, the floor must be kept dry. First, use a wax mop to evenly coat the back cover and bottom wax on the floor. The bottom wax should be applied in 3 layers, which can be dried by a blow dryer. After the base wax is dried, use wax to drag two layers of high-speed surface wax on the stone floor, and then air-dry the floor. After the wax surface is dried, use a high-speed polishing machine with a marble polishing pad to perform uniform and uniform polishing.

Planing and maintenance of marble floors: waxing and recrystallization

1. Let me talk about waxing first. Waxing and polishing marble is indeed an effective maintenance method, but there are many disadvantages in this kind of marble maintenance.

(1) The wax noodles absorb dust, the ground after treatment is prone to a gray feeling, and pedestrians will leave clear footprints afterwards;

(2) The wax layer closes the pores of the marble, and the moisture inside the marble cannot leak out, causing the marble to appear lesions;

(3) The wax layer has a soft texture and is susceptible to abrasion, which cannot truly meet the requirements of protecting marble.


2. Recrystallization treatment. Recrystallization treatment of marble is a popular marble maintenance method. Marble recrystallization is divided into two parts, one part refers to the machine tool part, the other part is the special chemical material part; the chemical material is also There are two types: one is granite recrystallization, the other is marble recrystallization.

The basic principle of stone crystallization is to combine some special chemical materials with the structure of the marble surface with the help of the heat generated by mechanical friction to produce a new hard crystal layer. Using these stone recrystallization systems to maintain granite and marble can be Make the marble floor get a bright, fresh and natural effect. It can also improve the abrasion resistance of the marble surface and make it more durable.

In general, this kind of maintenance is sufficient for the granite floor once every two years. However, due to the difference in texture of the marble floor, it generally takes about 6 months to do such maintenance, but the specifics also depend on the degree of wear on the marble surface.

Before crystallization, the marble needs to be professionally cleaned in order to ensure the construction effect. Practitioners must establish a scientific and rigorous working attitude.

Cleaning tools and materials:

Tools: floor scrubber, nylon brush plate, water suction machine, mop, bucket.

Material used: weak alkali or neutral detergent.

Operation method:

Spiral polishing pad

1. Pour the diluted stone cleaning liquid into the washing machine, move forward from back to front, and walk in a straight line to avoid omissions.

2. Start the water suction machine at the same time of scrubbing, and absorb the sewage while scrubbing. For areas that cannot be washed by the scrubber, you can use mop foam cleaner to wring out and scrub.

3. After cleaning with detergent and soaking up the ground sewage, wash it again with clean water in the same way, and then it can be completed by soaking up the water.

4. Matters needing attention: It is forbidden to use acidic cleaners and powdered cleaners to clean the floor, otherwise it will damage and corrode the marble surface.

5. Standard: clean and translucent, no stains, no marks.

Daily marble maintenance method

Wipe the marble regularly with a slightly damp cloth with a mild detergent, and then dry and polish it with a clean soft cloth. If it is difficult to handle the severely worn marble, it can be polished with steel wool or an electric sander, or wiped carefully with a liquid scrubbing agent. You can choose to use lemon juice or vinegar to clean the stains on the marble surface, but it should be paid special attention that the lemon should not stay for more than 2 minutes. Otherwise, the lemon will be absorbed by the marble and cause new stone pollution. Repeat the operation if necessary.

Then wash and dry. Slight scratches can be protected with a special marble care agent. If it is old or valuable marble, it should be handled by a professional stone maintenance company.

Method of polishing cement floor:

There are generally three ways to polish the cement floor. The cement floor is waxed and the cement floor is transformed into a permeable floor and cement floor crystallization. The construction methods of these three methods are similar, and they can all have a polishing effect and obtain a good cement floor surface treatment effect.

Cement floor polishing and floor waxing

For the new ground with better light collection, you can directly apply the cement floor polishing wax to the ground evenly, and then use a floor polishing machine and a floor polishing pad for polishing. The polishing area should not be too large each time to achieve gloss and no scratches. Only when there are traces can the next area be polished until the waxing and polishing treatment of all the ground is completed. For the old cement floor with wear, dust, pits and cracks, it needs to be ground by a ground grinder. After filling the pits and cracks, waxing and polishing can be carried out. The method is the same as before.

The advantages and disadvantages of waxing and polishing cement floors

Advantages: convenient and quick construction, obvious effect, waterproof and anti-fouling.

Disadvantages: the retention time is not long, the anti-slip effect is not good, and it is easy to get dirty after long-term use.

Transformation of cement floor polishing into permeable floor

The method of transforming cement floor polishing into penetration floor:

For new cement floors with better light collection, you can directly spray the concrete sealing curing agent on the ground, and then use brushes, hairs, etc. to keep the ground moist for about 1 hour, then clean the ground with water, and then polish it. can. For defective old ground, it is necessary to fill in potholes, cracks, control oil pollution, etc., and then do grinding and polishing treatment before spraying concrete sealing curing agent for the next step of construction.

Advantages and disadvantages of cement floor polishing:

Advantages: fast and convenient construction, high hardness, good wear resistance, anti-fouling, and long use time.

Disadvantages: In order to achieve high brightness, it needs to be polished without polishing.

Crystallization treatment of cement floor polishing

The method of crystallization treatment of cement floor polishing: first rough and fine polish the floor with a floor grinder, and then polish the floor. After the floor has a certain luster, dry the floor. Spray the ground crystallizer on the ground of 1 square meter, and use a crystallizer with steel wool and scouring pad to do left and right grinding treatments, until a uniform high-gloss ground appears before moving to the next area. Cycle in this way until the construction area used. Corresponding repairs are required for defective old cement floors.

Advantages and disadvantages of crystallization treatment of cement floor polishing:

Advantages: high surface hardness, good gloss, anti-fouling, waterproof and abrasion resistance.

Disadvantages: long construction time and need to be polished.

The above is the relevant introduction about the marble floor polishing and waxing construction technology. I believe you will have a simple understanding of this after reading it. If you need it, you can continue to pay attention to us.

The stone dry hanging process mainly uses section steel horizontal and vertical keels and pendants to form the stone into the wall. Since there is no internal bonding material and no wet work, it can improve the quality of the project and speed up the construction period. At present, the wall and column surfaces of most public spaces adopt dry hanging technology. Dry-hanging of stone wall, because it needs to be fixed on the base wall, the internal craftsmanship of different base wall materials is different, the wall height is different, and the base keel is also different.

1. Stone dry hanging process

Construction preparation→laying out the line→buried board installation→steel skeleton production and installation→stone installation→repair and protection.

2. Main construction methods


① Construction preparation:

a. According to the design drawings, carry out measurement and setting-out on site, and deepen the drawing of drawings according to the measurement results.

b. Perform stone typesetting and numbering, confirm the order form, and prepare for stone processing and supply.

c. The treatment of the base body, the verticality and flatness of the base body wall shall be checked, and if necessary, gouge and trim.

②Pay off the line:

According to the design requirements, lay out the skeleton, facing outline and horizontal datum line on the ground and pop up the horizontal datum line on the wall, and place the vertical channel steel line of each part.

③Buried plate installation:

Determine the position of the buried slab according to the position of the vertical keel channel steel, and fix the buried slab with expansion bolts on the concrete beam and wall. It is recommended to use 5-8mm thick steel plates to fix with φ10 metal expansion bolts. The upper and lower spacing of the buried plate should not be greater than 3000mm. The horizontal spacing is the same as the vertical keel spacing, generally less than 1000mm.

④ Steel skeleton production and installation:

The wall where the steel frame needs to be installed is reasonably arranged with the vertical keel of the steel frame according to the dividing line of the projectile, and the spacing is generally controlled at about 1000mm. The vertical keel is generally channel steel, and the vertical keel is fully welded to the four sides of the buried plate. The horizontal keel is made of galvanized angle steel, and the spacing depends on the size of the stone. It is fully welded and connected with the vertical keel. Before installation, the angle steel is pre-punched on the side of the angle steel for fixing the pendant. The horizontal deviation of the horizontal keel should not exceed 3mm. After the steel frame is qualified, all welded parts shall be treated with rust prevention.

⑤ Stone installation:

a. Insert fixing bolts on the steel frame and insert stainless steel or aluminum alloy fixing pendants.

b. Fix the marble polishing pad on the special mold according to the design size, and make grooves on the upper and lower ends of the stone. The groove depth is about 15mm, the distance between the groove edge and the front of the board is about 15mm and keeps parallel, and the back is opened with a groove so that the dry hanger can be embedded in it.

c. Insert the upper groove of the lower stone with AB structural glue, insert the connecting pendant, and insert the lower groove of the upper stone.

d. Temporarily fix the upper stone, inlay with stainless steel pendants, and fix it with AB structural glue after adjustment.

⑥ Repair protection:

Cover the installed stone wall with pearl film to ensure that the area of ​​2m above the ground is covered well to protect the finished product.


Focus on controlling the main parts

1. Regarding the size and spacing of the keel and the base size of the stone dry-hanging wall, the vertical keel of the stone dry-hanging wall generally adopts 5# -8# channel steel, which determines the channel steel specification generally to connect the channel steel to the wall. The fixed point distance, that is, the upper and lower spacing of the fixed buried plate is related. The size of the horizontal keel is generally related to the spacing of the vertical keel and the size of the stone plate.

Specific specifications can be obtained by calculation. Generally, according to experience, the following values ​​can be used: the distance between the bottom and bottom of the buried plate is not more than 2.5m, and the vertical keel can choose 5# channel steel, if the thickness of the stone is more than 30mm. The upper and lower spacing of the buried plate is between 3m-4m, and it is recommended to choose 8# channel steel; the horizontal spacing of the vertical keel is 1m, and the vertical spacing of the horizontal keel is within 1m (the stone plate is also 1m). The horizontal keel can use 50 angle steel.

2. Indoor stone wall is dry hanging. Due to the different types of stone, the characteristics of the stone should be considered when typesetting and dividing the grid. Generally, granite stone has a hard texture and high strength, and the plate can be enlarged. Marble has poor strength and is easy to break. The size of the plate should not be larger than 1M2. If necessary, the back side should be reinforced with reinforcing ribs. The thickness of the stone should not be less than 20mm. If the wall height is higher than 4 meters, the thickness of the stone should not be less than 25mm. After the marble stone is slotted, to strengthen the strength of the pendant part, the structural glue can be used to paste the reinforced stone on the back of the slotted part.

3. If the wall has no concrete ring beams and the distance between structural beams is greater than 4 meters, use wall bolts to fix the buried slab if necessary, and add connection points in the middle.

4. The stone pendant is generally located between two stone plates. The upper and lower short grooves of the pendant just fix the two plates. For the bottom, top and special shaped parts, pick pieces can be used to fix the stone. Indoor stone wall dry hanging, in terms of craftsmanship, should actually be part of the stone curtain wall. Many process requirements are basically the same, except that the wind load on indoor stone dry hanging is less affected. Generally, the wall height of dry hanging Not high, the steel frame method should be simplified compared with the curtain wall.

At present, most of the methods still use this method of steel frame welding and pendant installation. As the process progresses, it will also adopt a unitary or factory assembly process like an outdoor stone curtain wall.