The shaft forging process is a manufacturing method used to produce shafts with superior strength, durability, and reliability. It involves shaping and forming a solid metal billet into the desired shaft shape through the application of heat and pressure.
SHAFT FORGING PROCESS
Billet Preparation: The process begins with the selection of a suitable metal billet, typically made of steel or other alloy materials. The billet should have sufficient dimensions to accommodate the final shaft shape.
Heating: The billet is heated in a furnace to a temperature above its recrystallization temperature but below its melting point. This temperature allows the metal to become more malleable and facilitates deformation during the forging process.
Forming: Once the billet reaches the desired temperature, it is transferred to a forging press or hammer. There are two primary forging methods used for shaft production:
a. Open-Die Forging: In open-die forging, the heated billet is placed on a stationary anvil, and repeated blows from a hammer or press deform the metal into the desired shape. The operator guides the deformation by moving the billet between strikes to achieve the desired dimensions.
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