The tractor clutch is composed of four parts: the active part, the driven part, the pressing mechanism and the operating mechanism. The main component of the active part is the driving disc; the main component of the driven part refers to the driven disc with friction linings riveted on both sides; the main components of the pressing mechanism are the pressing spring, pressing lever, and pressing rod bracket; The main components are separation lever, separation bearing, etc. So how to overhaul these main components, let’s find out together!
1. Overhaul of driving disk and driven disk
The main damage of the active disk is wear, scratches, burns and cracks on the friction surface; warpage and deformation of the friction surface. When the thickness of the active disc is 18±0.1 mm, the surface groove depth exceeds 0.50 mm, the arch deformation exceeds 0.30 mm, and the flatness tolerance exceeds 0.12 mm, it should be ground or flat. However, after polishing, its thickness is not less than 16±0.40 mm. If the active disk is cracked or too thin, it should be replaced with a new one.
The driven disc is the most vulnerable part of the clutch. The main damage is wear, hardening, burns, cracks on the surface of the friction plate, oil stains on the surface (dry type), loose friction plate, warping and deformation of the driven disc, fracture of the steel plate, loose riveting between the steel plate and the disc, spline holes wear, etc. It can be determined by measuring the depth of the rivet head with a vernier caliper. The burial depth of the rivet head shall not be less than 0.3 mm, otherwise, use a new friction plate.
If the friction plate is seriously worn or there are more than two cracks and fall off, and the burnt surface is large and deep, the new plate should be riveted again. If there is a slight oil stain on the friction plate, it can be burned off with the flame of a blowtorch, or cleaned with gasoline, and the slight burnt surface can be polished with sandpaper. When replacing the new piece to remove the old piece, use a drill bit 0.40-0.50 mm smaller than the diameter of the old rivet to drill out the rivet head, and then gently punch out the old rivet and remove the old piece. Use a wire brush to remove dust and rust from the driven disc, and check other parts of the driven disc. The warpage of the driven disc steel plate will cause the clutch to vibrate and wear unevenly when starting, so its warpage should be checked.
The warpage of the driven disc steel sheet is also called circular runout or yaw. It can be installed on the inspection frame and measured at the outermost edge of the driven disc with a dial indicator. The circular runout limit is 0.80 mm. If it exceeds the limit, it can be calibrated by cold pressing with a special clamp.
2. Maintenance of elastic push rod
The main damage of the elastic push rod is the weakening of the elastic force, the reduction of the hole center distance, the wear of the support hole, and the breakage of the elastic push rod. After the elastic force of the elastic push rod is reduced, it is heated to 780 ~ 810 ° C, quenched in oil, and then heated to 450 ~ 475 ° C for tempering.
When the center-to-center distance of the elastic push rod becomes smaller, the original center-to-center distance can be restored by thermal deformation method. between the mouth. Increase the center distance of the holes, and then perform quenching and tempering according to the above method. When the center distance of the pin holes is enlarged, care should be taken to make the center lines of the two pin holes parallel. When the fitting clearance of the pin hole of the elastic push rod is greater than 0.50 mm, it can be repaired by the maintenance dimension method. The maintenance size can be increased by 1 mm, and the fitting clearance between the pin and the hole is 0.12 mm.
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